Thomas’ Structural Model of Conflicts

Thomas (2012) suggests structural model of intra-organizational, which is based on four variables. These are as following; behavioral predispositions, social pressures, incentive structures and rules.

Behavioral predisposition theory refers that attitudes, needs, personality characters, attitudinal differences, competitive needs, incompetence, and socially devalued personal qualities may cause conflict. Social pressures include the constituent social pressure and ambient Social Pressure.

The constituent social pressure exists in the groups which are composed of the parties in the conflict. The other type which is ambient social pressure moves from outsides to inside. It points out social systems largely than those which cover the conflicting parties. Ambient pressures try to transform the conflicts generated by constituent pressure into forms which are socially acceptable. Incentive structures refer to the allocation of cooperative and non cooperative transactions. The conflicts of interest are of the vital importance. It occurs when two or more subsystems tend to achieve mutually exclusive goals.