NEW ISSUES OF CASHEW MARKET IN TAMILNADU (INDIA): PROCESS(1)

PROCESS(1)

The successive stages involved in the processing of the cashew nuts into marketable kernels are:
• Cooking of the nuts
• Shelling of the nuts
• Drying of the kernels
• Peeling of the kernels
• Grading of the kernels
• Packing of the kernels
• The whole process usually lasts about 5 to 7 days.

THE INDUSTRY REQUIREMENTS

All costs or other figures have been acquired through personal experiences in cashew processing or during interviews of Indian processors. The unit costs refer to the quantity of raw nuts processed and are evaluated in CFA / kg of nuts (For Indian processors, the unit costs are in USD / bag of raw nuts, a bag being 80 kg of nuts).

HIGH LABOR INTENSITY

For a large size processing unit running 275 working days a year, the ratio (number of worker / ton processed per year) is about 0.25 – 0.30.
The ratio (workers / ton processed per day) is around 75.
A 5,000 tons processing unit should employ 1250 – 1,500 workers.

LOW LEVEL OF REQUIRED SKILLS

Most of the operations of the processing of cashew nuts are manuals and very repetitive. They need patience and concentration but they do not need special education or training.

LOW LEVEL OF INVESTMENT IN EQUIPMENT

The equipment of a cashew nuts processing unit can be of an extreme simplicity. Thus, the costs of the investment in equipment for a 5,000 tons processing unit is about USD 750,000 – 1 million.