NEW ISSUES OF CASHEW MARKET IN TAMILNADU (INDIA): CASHEW NUTS(2)

INDIA IS PROCESSING 99% OF THE CASHEW NUTS PRODUCED WORLDWIDE

The countries have developed a local processing industry in parallel with the increase of their raw material production. All these countries have strong policies to protect and promote their local processing industries.

India is today:
• Number one for the raw cashew nuts production (400,000 tons)
• Number one for the cashew processing capacity (more than 1 million tons)
• Number one for the production of cashew kernels (220,000 tons)

Composition of the cashew nut and yields of the process

AVERAGE COMPOSITION OF CASHEW NUTS

A cashew nut is made up of two main components, the shell and the kernel.
The kernel is covered by a thick reddish skin or testa.
The honeycombed shell contains a phenol like resin called Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL).
During the processing, the average yields obtained from the nuts are (in percentage of the weight of the nuts,)
Kernels = 20 – 22 %
Kernel wastes = 3 – 6%
Skins = 1.5 – 3 %
Shells = 70 – 75 %

The kernels can be of different sizes or colors, they can also be broken into pieces of different sizes. All different types of whole kernels or pieces are called grades. The cashew nuts processing industry is marketing between fourteen and twenty five different grades of kernels. The better prices are obtained with the bigger sizes of the whole white kernels.

A 5,000 tons processing unit should produce about 1,000 – 1,100 tons of kernels per year.

Apart from the kernels, the others products are by-products which can be used, processed and marketed. It can be extracted 25-35 % of CNSL from the shells (by pressing). All the by-products represent possible additional revenue and profit for a processing unit.